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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF document file format.


  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.


  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.


  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review) have been followed.

Author Guidelines

JABS articles follow specific formats as detailed in the corresponding instruction for authors. Please choose an article type from the list below to check the instruction for authors.


Research Article: all research manuscripts should have precise references, 3 to 10 key notes, 300 words of unstructured abstract, tables and figures included in the main text at the appropriate position in Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3) using legend of not more than 300 words.


Review Article: same as in research article but the list of references should not be more than 50.


Short Communication: 3 to 10 key notes and should not exceed 2000 words.


Commentaries: all commentaries should be 1500 words maximum.


Authors should submit their manuscripts by themselves. On no account should manuscripts be submitted by anyone else rather than the main authors. The corresponding author should always be identified and he or she takes responsibility for the article during submission and peer review.

JABS does not impose publication costs but processing charge is required on articles accepted for publication. For rapid publication and reduced administrative cost, JABS prefers submission through the website http://www.jabsdirect.cf/ for futher assistance  you can contact the editorial office via jabs.peerreview@gmail.com 



Ethical Matters

Authors using experimental animals and human subjects in their investigation must seek approval from the appropriate Ethical Committee in accordance with the "Principles of Laboratory Animal Care" (NIH publication no. 85-23, revised 1985) and the declaration of Helsinki promulgated in 1964 as amended in 1996. A statement of approval must be included in the methodology section as evidence of approval and permission to carry out the investigation.



JABS accepts the following file formats,text files:

Microsoft word (DOC, DOCX)

Rich text format (RTF)

Image files




Accession Numbers of any nucleic acid sequences, protein sequences or atomic coordinates cited in the manuscript should be provided, in brackets and include the corresponding database name; for example, (EMBL:AB026295, EMBL: AC137000, DDBJ: AE000812, GenBank: U49845, PDB:1BFM, Swiss-Prot:Q96KQ7, PIR:S66116). Authors can use the database links such as Nucleotide Sequence database (EMBL), DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ), Protein Data Bank (PDB) and GenBank at the NCBI (GenBank)


In the case of Biological and chemical nomenclature, the use of taxonomic and chemical names must be in accordance with the relevant rules in the International Codes of Nomenclature for animals, bacteria and plants as well as the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). When an organism is mentioned in the text for the first time, its generic and specific names must be given in full, e.g. Wuchereria bancrofti. Subsequent appearance in the text, the initial generic name should be abbreviated e.g. W. bancrofti.


Overview of Manuscript Section for Research Article

All research manuscripts submitted to JABS should be arranged in the following order: title page, abstract, keywords, introduction, methods, results and discussion, conclusions, list of abbreviations used (if any), competing interests, acknowledgements, references, tables and figure illustrations.

Title page (first page of manuscript)

The title page should include, thetitle of the article, list of full names, institutional addresses and email addresses for all authors, and the corresponding author should be specified. (Avoid abbreviations within the title).


Abstract (second page of manuscript)

The abstract of the manuscript should not exceed 300 words and must be in an unstructured form, showing the context and purpose of the study, the main findings and brief summary with potential implications. Avoid use of abbreviation and references in the abstract.


Keywords (second page of manuscript)

Keywords should be three to ten representing the main content of the article.



The introduction section should be written in a way that is accessible to researchers without specialist knowledge in that area and must clearly illustrate the background to the research and its aims. The section should end with a brief statement of what is being reported in the article.



The methods section should include the design of the study, the type of materials involved, a clear description of all comparisons, and the type of analysis used, to enable replication.


Results and discussion

Results may be combined with discussion or presented separately. They can also be written in short subsections with headings.



This should state clearly the main conclusions of the research and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance.


List of abbreviations

This should be provided as defined in the text at first use.


Competing interests

Authors have to disclose any existing financial or competing interest. Authors are required to complete a declaration of competing interests form. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of the published article. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read, 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.



We recommend due but concise acknowledgement to anyone involved in the design, acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting and revising of the manuscript.



References and abbreviations of JABS follow index medicus/MEDLINE. For correct abbreviations visit http:// www. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PubMed/jbrowser.html Reference style must be precise; if references are not in the correct style they should be retyped and carefully proofread. References should be single-spaced on separate page(s) and numbered appropriately in the order in which they appear in the text. Arabic numerals enclosed in square brackets e.g., [1], [1,3,5] or [1-4]) should be used in citing references in the text. We advise not to use square brackets anywhere else in the text.



All web links and URLs, including links to the authors' own websites, should be given a reference number and included in the reference list rather than within the text of the manuscript. They should be provided in full, including both the title of the site and the URL, e.g.:

SV40 Tumor Biology Database, [http://tumor.informatics.jax.org/mtbwi /index.do].


Only articles, datasets and abstracts that have been published or are in press should be referenced. No unpublished work should be included in the list of references.


Below is an example of Journal of Advances in Biomedical Studies reference Style.


Journal Article:

If there are more than 10 authors, only the first 10 should be listed and the others should be represented with "et al."


Volume without Issue:Murri R, Fantoni M, Borgo CD, Visona R, Barracco A, Zambelli A, Testa L, Orchi N, Tozzi V, Bosco O, Wu AW. Determinants of health-related quality of life in HIV-infected patients. AIDS Care 2003;15:581–590.


Volume with parts:Hanley C. Metaphysics and innateness: a psychoanalytic perspective. Int J Psychoanal 1988;69(Pt 3):89-99.


No Issue or Volume:Danoek K. Skiing in and through the history of medicine. Nord Medicinhist Arsb 1982:86-100


Issue but No Volume:Baumeister AA. Origins and control of stereotyped movements. Monogr Am Assoc Ment Defic 1978;(3):353-384.


Issue with parts: Edwards L, Meyskens F, Levine N. Effect of oral isotretinoin on dysplastic nevi. J Am Acad Dermatol 1989 Feb;20(2 Pt 1):257-260.


In press article:Kharitonov SA, Barnes PJ: Clinical aspects of exhaled nitric oxide. Eur Respir J, in press.


Published abstract:Zvaifler NJ, Burger JA, Marinova-Mutafchieva L, Taylor P, Maini N: Mesenchymal cells, stromal derived factor-1 and rheumatoid arthritis [abstract]. Arthritis Rheum 1999, 42:s250.


Article within conference proceedings:Jones X: Zeolites and synthetic mechanisms. In Proceedings of the First National Conference on Porous Sieves: 27-30 June 1996; Baltimore. Edited by Smith Y. Stoneham: Butterworth-Heinemann; 1996:16-27.




Book chapter, or article within a book: Schnepf E: From prey via endosymbiont to plastids: comparative studies in dinoflagellates. In Origins of Plastids. Volume 2. 2nd edition. Edited by Lewin RA. New York: Chapman and Hall; 1993:53-76.


Complete book:Margulis L: Origin of Eukaryotic Cells. New Haven: Yale University Press; 1970.


Monograph or book in a series:Hunninghake GW, Gadek JE: The alveolar macrophage. In Cultured Human Cells and Tissues. Edited by Harris TJR. New York: Academic Press; 1995:54-56. [Stoner G (Series Editor): Methods and Perspectives in Cell Biology, vol 1.]


Book with institutional author:Advisory Committee on Genetic Modification: Annual Report. London; 1999.


PhD thesis:Kohavi R: Wrappers for performance enhancement and oblivious decision graphs. PhD thesis. Stanford University Computer Science Department; 1995.



Web page/URL:

Hypertension, Dialysis & Clinical Nephrology [homepage on the Internet]. Hinsdale (IL): Medtext, Inc.; c1995-2001 [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from: http://www.medtext. com/hdcn.htm.


Pennington J. HIV/AIDS in Nigeria, 2007 [cited 2008 Mar 8]. Available from: http://www.avert.org/aids-nigeria.htm.


Medlineplus [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); [updated 2000 Apr 7; cited 2000 Apr 18]. Available from: http://medlineplus.gov.


Dataset with persistent identifier

Zheng, L-Y; Guo, X-S; He, B; Sun, L-J; Peng, Y; Dong, S-S; Liu, T-F; Jiang, S; Ramachandran, S; Liu, C-M; Jing, H-C (2011): Genome data from sweet and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). GigaScience. http://dx.doi.org/10.5524/100012.



Tables should be numbered with Arabic numerals. Each table should be typed using a table format (i.e., each variable must be typed into a separate cell in the table) with only horizontal lines above and below the table column headers and at the bottom of the table (using 1 pt for the top and bottom lines and ½ pt for any middle line). No vertical lines should be included in any table. Each table must not exceed 6.5 x 7 inches (16.5 x 17.8 cm, width x height) and should be inserted at the appropriate position in the text just below where it was referred to the first time. The title should be typed at the top of the table in the sentence case format, i.e., only the first name should be in capital letters. Any footnote should be typed in  italic at the top of the table.






Figure Illustration: Figures should be professionally drawn electronically and inserted in the appropriate position where it was first cited within the text. Symbols, lettering, and numbering must not be in bold print and should be clear and large enough to remain legible (at least 9 points in size) after the figure has been reduced to ½ of the original size. Photographs should be in any color while graphs sho

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